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Monday, 28 January 2002 02:31
Article Index
International Issues Relating to the Forest Sector with Specific Reference to Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management in Malaysia
Forest Degradation
Combating Defrorestation
Conservation Of Biological Diversity
Mitigation of Climate Change
Timber Certification
Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)
Global Forest Convention
Criteria and Indicators
Future Actions
Conclusions
References
Appendix 1
Appendix 2
Appendix 3
All Pages

 

Appendix 2

Management Specifications For Assessing The Implementation Of The 84 Activities For Sustainable Forest Management At The FMU Level On A State Basis

INTERNATIONAL TROPICAL TIMBER ORGANIZATION (ITTO) FORESTRY DEPARTMENT, PENINSULAR MALAYSIA (FDPM)
CRITERIA INDICATOR ACTIVITIES MANAGEMENT SPECIFICATIONS SOURCE/REMARKS
  1. Resource Security.
 
1. The legal establishment of forest areas or management units.
 
1.1+ Prepare land use plan.
  1. Land use map of scale 1:250,000.
  2. Depicts Permanent Forest Estate (PFE), stateland forest, plantation forest, agriculture lands (crops), national parks and wildlife reserves, etc.
  3. Map updated once a year.
Land Capability Classifications, 1964.
1.2+ Identify the PFE.
  1. Forest resource map of scale 1:100,000.
  2. Depicts proposed and gazetted PFE, forest types, stateland forest and the 11 functional use classes of the PFE.
  3. Map updated once a year.
National Forestry Act, 1984 (Amended 1993), Sect. 10 (i).
1.3+ Gazette the PFE.
  1. Map of scale 1:250,000.
  2. Depicts gazetted PFE and proposed areas.
  3. Map updated once a year.
Government Gazette.
1.4+ Cut the external boundaries.#
  1. Boundary width of 2 m.
  2. Boundary trees at intervals of 10 m apart marked with 3 bands of red paint.
  3. Permanent Forest Reserve Plates placed at intervals of 800 m apart.
  1. Manual Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia 1953 (Pindaan 1995), Sek.3.1, Bab 11 dan Sek. 6.1, Bab 15.
  2. Forest Management Plan for the FMU.
1.5+ Maintain the external boundaries. Maintenance interval once in 5 years.
  1. Forest Management Plan for the FMU.
  2. Maintenance records.
1.6+ Excision from the PFE.
  1. Excision notification.
  2. Excision plan.
  1. National Forestry Act, 1984 (Amended 1993), Sect. 11 & 13.
  2. Government Gazette.
1.7+ Replace the excised PFE.
  1. Gazette notification.
  2. Gazette plan.
  1. National Forestry Act, 1984 (Amended 1993), Sect. 7.
  2. Government Gazette.
1.8+ Identify areas for forest plantation establishment within the PFE. #
  1. Map of scale 1:50,000.
  2. Depicts areas planted and those planned for planting in the PFE.
  3. Map updated once a year.
Forest Management Plan for the FMU.
1.9+ Identify areas for forest plantation establishment outside the PFE. #
  1. Map of scale 1:50,000.
  2. Depicts areas planted and those planned for planting in the PFE.
  3. Map updated once a year.
Land use map.
1.10+ Identify areas for plantation of non-wood forest produce within the PFE.
  1. Map of scale 1:50,000.
  2. Depicts areas planted and those planned for planting in the PFE.
  3. Map updated once a year.
National Forestry Act, 1984 (Amended 1993), Sect. 10.
1.11+ Identify areas for plantation of non-wood forest produce outside the PFE.
  1. Map of scale 1:50,000.
  2. Depicts areas planted and those planned for planting in the PFE.
  3. Map updated once a year.
Land use map.
2. Existence of a management plan.

     

2.1+ Formulate a forest management plan. Forest management plan in consonance with National Forestry Policy. National Forestry Act, 1984 (Amended 1993), Sect.4.
2.2+ Implement the forest management plan. Forest management plan consistent with the principles of sustainable forest management. National Forestry Policy, 1978 (Revised 1992), Sect. 3.3.1.
2.3+ Monitor the implementation of the forest management plan. Field inspection reports. Quarterly progress reports on forest development projects (financial and physical achievements).
3. Clear demarcation of boundaries in the field.

 

3.1+ Cut the external boundaries. #
  1. Boundary width of 2 m.
  2. Boundary trees at intervals of 10 m apart marked with 3 bands of red paint.
  3. Permanent Forest Reserve Plates placed at intervals of 800 m apart.
  1. Manual Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia 1953 (Pindaan 1995), Sek.3.1, Bab 11 dan Sek 6.1, Bab 15.
  2. Forest Management Plan for the FMU.
3.2+ Maintain the external boundaries. Maintenance interval once in 5 years.
  1. Forest Management Plan for the FMU. 
  2. Maintenance records.
4. The presence or absence of illegal exploitation and encroachment.
 
4.1 Identify areas illegally exploited and encroached.
  1. Map of 1:50,000.
  2. Depicts areas illegally exploited and encroached.
  3. Reports on illegal exploitation and encroachment, where applicable.
  4. Map updated half-yearly.
Records on illegal logging.
4.2 Monitor the areas illegally exploited and encroached. Field inspection reports.  
5. The length of cutting cycle.
5.1+ Determine the cutting cycle length for:-
  • Dipterocarp Forest
  • Peat Swamp Forest
  • Mangrove Forest
 

 

30 - 55 years
40 - 60 years
20 - 30 years.

Forest Management Plan for the FMU.
6. The duration of concession agreements.
 
6.1+ Determine the optimum concession length for:-
  • Dipterocarp Forest
  • Peat Swamp Forest
  • Mangrove Forest
 

 

30 - 55 years
40 - 60 years
20 - 30 years.

May be extended for another term based on good performance.
7. Areas of Protection Forests and Production Forests within the PFE.
7.1+ Identify the Protection and Production Forests within the PFE. #
  1. Map of scale 1:50,000.
  2. Demarcate areas of protection and production forests.
  3. Depicts compartment boundaries and 11 functional use classes.
  1. Map updated once a year.
  1. National Forestry Act, 1984 (Amended 1993), Sect. 10.
  2. Forest Management Plan for the FMU.
7.2+ Allocate the Protection and Production Forests within the PFE. #
  1. Map of scale 1:50,000.
  2. Demarcate areas of protection and production forests.
  1. Depicts compartment boundaries and 11 functional use classes.
  2. Depicts the gazetted 11 functional use classes.
  3. Map updated once a year.
  1. National Forestry Act, 1984 (Amended 1993), Sect. 10.
  2. Forest Management Plan for the FMU.
8. Net Production Areas of the PFE.
 
8.1+ Determine the net production areas of the PFE. Total forest area less roads and road reserves, rivers and buffer zones, protection areas, research plots, conservation areas, etc. Panduan Penentuan Catuan Tebangan Tahunan Hutan Bagi Negeri-negeri di Semenanjung Malaysia.
  1.  The Continuity of Timber Production.
 
 
 
9. The presence of clear, official harvesting rules.
9.1+ Formulate appropriate harvesting rules for:-
  • Dipterocarp Forest
  • Peat Swamp Forest
  • Mangrove Forest
  • Plantation Forest
 
Dipterocarp Forest 
  1. 55 years cutting cycle.
  • cutting limits for all trees be greater than or equal to 45 cm dbh.
  1. 30 years cutting cycle.
  • cutting limits for non-dipterocarp species be greater than or equal to 45 cm dbh.
  • cutting limits for dipterocarp species be greater than or equal to 50 cm dbh.
  • difference between the cutting limits prescribed for the dipterocarp and non-dipterocarp species be at least 5 cm.
  • residual stand of 32 sound commercial trees per ha. with dbh greater than or equal to 30 cm and its equivalence.
  • percentage of dipterocarp species in the residual stand be greater than or equal to the percentage in the original stand of trees of 30 cm dbh and above.
 
Peat Swamp Forest

40 - 60 years cutting cycle.

  • cutting limits for non-dipterocarp species be greater than or equal to 45 dbh.
  • cutting limits for dipterocarp species be greater than or equal to 50 cm dbh.
  • difference between the cutting limits prescribed for the dipterocarp and non-dipterocarp species be at least 5 cm.
  • residual stand of 32 sound commercial trees per ha, with dbh greater than or equal to 30 cm and its equilvalence.
  • percentage of dipterocarp species in the residual stand be greater than or equal to the percentage in the original stand of trees of 30 cm dbh and above.

Mangrove Forest
Clear felling with rotations of 20 - 30 years.

Plantation Forest
Clear felling on planted areas, excluding buffer zones.

Panduan Penentuan Had Batas Tebangan dari Maklumat-maklumate Inventori Hutan Sebelum Tebangam.
9.2+ Implement harvesting rules for:-
 
  • Dipterocarp Forest
  • Peat Swamp Forest
  • Mangrove Forest
  • Plantation Forest
 
Dipterocarp Forest
  1. All trees for felling marked, tagged and mapped.
  2. Direction of felling marked.
  3. Trees equal to and those above cutting limits for environmental protection marked.
  4. Seed trees marked and mapped.
  5. Buffer zones for riparian protection marked.
 
Peat Swamp Forest
  1. All trees for felling marked, tagged and mapped.
  2. Direction of felling marked.
  3. Trees equal to and those above cutting limits for environmental protection marked.
  4. Seed trees marked and mapped.
  5. Buffer zones for riparian protection marked.
 Mangrove Forest
  1. Clear felled all trees including Rhizophora species.
  2. Buffer zones
  • river bank with width of 3 - 5 m.
  • seaward with width of 50 - 200 m.
Plantation Forest
Clear felled, excluding buffer zones.
  1. Panduan Pengusahasilan Hutan.
  2. Panduan Pelaksanaan Penandaan Pokok Dengan Cara Timber Tagging.
  3. Buku Penandaan Pokok.
  4. Panduan Penentuan Had Tebangan dari Maklumat-maklumate Inventori Sebelum Tebangan.
  5. Panduan Pengusahasilan Hutan Melalui Kawalan Isipadu.
  6. Guidelines for Logging in Hill Forest, Peninsular Malaysia.
  7. Garis Panduan Pembalakan Dalam Kawasan Tadahan Air.
9.3+ Monitor the implementation of the harvesting rules. Field inspection reports.
  1. Buku Penandaan Pokok.
  2. Laporan Penutup.
  3. Tree location maps.
9.4+ Harvest the forest plantation. Clear felling of planted areas, excluding buffer zones. Forest Management Plan for the FMU.
9.5+ Replant the harvested forest plantation.
  1. Initial planting stock of not less than 900 plants/ha for short rotation and not less than 300 plants/ha for long rotation species.
  • less than 10 year for pulpwood and panel products.
  • 10-20 years for general utility timber 
  • more than 20 years for high quality timber
  1. Planting records.
  2. Felling and planting programme.
  3. Forest Protection Plan (fire, pests and diseases, etc.)
Forest Management Plan for the FMU.
10. Long term soil productivity.
 

 

 

10.1 Determine area loss after forest harvesting.
  1. Total area loss be less than 30% using ground skidding harvesting method.
  2. Average Mean Commercial Annual Increment in fully regulated forests for:-
  • dipterocarp forest: 1.5 - 2.5 m3/ha/yr.
  • peat swamp forest: 0.8 - 1.0 m3/ha/yr.
  • mangrove forest: 5 - 8 m3/ha/yr. 
  • plantation forest: 5 - 20 m3/ha/yr.
 
11. A pre-felling forest inventory.
 

 

11.1+ Formulate pre-felling forest inventory. Sampling design be statistically sound and cost-effective for prescribing appropriate cutting limits.
  1. Panduan Kerja Luar Inventori Sebelum Tebangan.
  2. Panduan Interpretasi Keputusan Inventori Sebelum Tebangan.
  3. Manual Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia 1953 (Pindaan 1995), Sek.5.1, Bab 16
11.2+ Implement pre-felling forest inventory for;-
  • Dipterocarp Forest
  • Peat Swamp Forest
  • Mangrove Forest
 
Dipterocarp and Peat Swamp Forests

Systematic line plots with the principle plots being 20 m x 50 m and a sampling intensity of 10%.

  • operations carried out 1-2 years before felling.
  • stock map of scale 1:50,000.
  • stand and stock tables.
Mangrove Forest
Systematic circular line plots of radius 5 m and a sampling intensity of 2%.
  1. Panduan Kerja Luar Inventori Sebelum Tebangan (Pindaan) 1985.
  2. Manual Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia 1953 (Pindaan 1995), Sek.4.1.3, Bab 15.
11.3+ Monitor the implementation of the pre-felling forest inventory. Field inspection reports.  
12. The number of trees and/or volume of timber per hectare harvested.
 
12.1+ Prescribe Annual Allowable Cuts (AAC) in the Production Forest of the PFE for:-
  • Dipterocarp Forest
  • Peat Swamp Forest
  • Mangrove Forest
 
  1. Annual Coupe = Net Harvestable Production Area divided by Cutting Cycle Length (ha/yr).
  2. Annual volume removed be less than or equal to Mean Commercial Annual Increment (m3/ha/yr).
Panduan Penentuan Catuan Tebangan Tahunan Bagi Negeri-negeri di Semenanjung Malaysia.
12.2+ Monitor the implementation of the AACs. Quarterly reports on areas logged and volume removed. Shuttle Return No. VII.
12.3+ Project the level of wood production from the Production Forest of the PFE based on the prescribed AACs. Dipterocarp Forest
  1. 55 years cutting cycle: 77 m3/ha (net).
  2. 30 years cutting cycle: 61 m3/ha (net).
Peat Swamp Forest
40-60 years cutting cycle: 40 - 50 m3/ha (net).

Mangrove Forest
20 - 30 years cutting cycle: 120 - 190 m3/ha (net).

Forest Management Plan for the FMU.
12.4+ Project the level of wood production from the Conversion Forest based on the principle of full resource utilisation. # Clear felling with an average production of 30 m3/ha (net). Forest Management Plan for the FMU.
12.5+ Project the level of wood production from forest plantation. Final clear felling of Acacia mangium with an average production of 180 m3/ha (net). Forest Management Plan for the FMU.
12.6+ Project the level of wood production from perennial agricultural tree crop plantation ##. Clear felling of rubber plantation during replanting with an average production of 27 m3/ha. Forest Management Plan for the FMU.
13. Provisions for monitoring the residual growing stock after logging.
 
13.1+ Establish permanent sample plots (PSPs)###. At least one PSP for each forest type.
  1. Panduan Penubuhan Petak Contoh Kekal Ladang Hutan Kompensatori.
  2. Panduan Penubuhan Petak Sampel Kekal dan Cara-cara Mengisi Kad Bancian Untuk Hutan Asli Projek ITTO.
13.2+ Assess/analyse increment data from PSPs. Record of growth and yield data.  
14. Records of annual forest product outputs over time.

     

14.1+ Monitor all the projected levels of production. Monthly reports on production. Shuttle Return No.1
14.2+ Report on the production statistics of forest products. Monthly reports on production. Shuttle Return No.1
15. Records of annual areas cut over time.

 

15.1+ Report on the annual areas cut over time. Quarterly reports on areas logged. Shuttle Return No. VII.
16. Establishment of forest plantations for wood production.

 

16.1+ Establish forest plantation within the PFE.
  1. Initial planting stock of at least 900 plants/ha for short rotation and not less than 300 plants/ha for long rotation species. 
  • less than 10 years for pulpwood and panel products.
  • 10 - 20 years for general utility timber.
  • more than 20 years for high quality timber.
  1. Planting records.
  2. Felling and planting programme
  3. Forest Protection Plan (fire, pest and diseases, etc.)
Panduan Penubuhan Ladang Spesies Cepat Tumbuh.
16.2+ Establish forest plantations outside the PFE.
  1. Initial planting stock of at least 900 plants/ha for short rotation and not less than 300 plants/ha for long rotation species. 
  • less than 10 years for pulpwood and panel products.
  • 10 - 20 years for general utility timber.
  • more than 20 years for high quality timber.
  1. Planting records.
  2. Felling and planting programme
  3. Forest Protection Plan (fire, pest and diseases, etc.)
  1. Panduan Penubuhan Ladang Spesies Cepat Tumbuh.
  2. Forest Plantation Development and Management Plan prepared by the private sector.
17. Establishment of forest plantations for non-wood production.
 

 

 

 

17.1+ Establish plantations within the PFE.
  1. Planting records.
  2. Harvesting and planting programme.
  3. Forest Protection Plan (fire, pests and diseases, etc.).
Forest Management Plan for the FMU.
17.2+ Establish plantations within the PFE.
  1. Planting records.
  2. Harvesting and planting programme.
  3. Forest Protection Plan (fire, pests and diseases, etc.).
Forest Plantation Development and Management Plan prepared by the private sector.
  1. The Conservation of Flora and Fauna and other Forest Resources.
 
18. Protection of eco-systems in the concession or management unit.
 
18.1+ Identify areas for national/state parks, wildlife sanctuaries, marine reserved/parks and Virgin Jungle Reserves (VJRs).#
  1. Map of scale 1:50,000.
  2. Depicts national/state parks, wildlife sanctuaries, marine reserved/parks and VJRs.
  3. VJRs size of at least 150 ha as of 1987 with buffer strip of 20 m width.
  4. Map updated once a year.
  1. Panduan Penubuhan dan Penyelenggaraan Kawasan-kawasan Simpanan Hutan Dara.
  2. Manual Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia 1953 (Pindaan 1995), Sek.4.2, Bab 18.
 
18.2+ Allocate/gazette the national/state parks, wildlife sanctuaries, marine reserves/parks and Virgin Jungle Reserves (VJRs).
  1. Map of scale 1:50,000.
  2. Depicts national/state parks, wildlife sanctuaries, marine reserved/parks and VJRs.
  3. VJRs size of at least 150 ha as of 1987 with buffer strip of 20 m width.
  4. Map updated once a year.
  1. Panduan Penubuhan dan Penyelenggaraan Kawasan-kawasan Simpanan Hutan Dara.
  2. Manual Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia 1953 (Pindaan 1995), Sek.4.2, Bab 18.
  3. Government Gazette.
 
18.3+ Cut external boundaries.
  1. Boundary width of 2 m.
  2. Boundary trees at intervals of 10 m apart marked with 3 bands of red paint.
  3. Permanent Forest Reserve Plates placed at intervals of 800 m apart.
  1. Manual Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia 1953 (Pindaan 1995), Sek. 3.1, Bab 11 dan Sek.6.1, Bab 15.
  2. Forest Management Plan for the FMU.
18.4+ Maintain the external boundaries. Maintenance interval once in 5 years. Maintenance records.
19. The extent of vegetation disturbance after logging.
 
19.1+ Formulate post-felling forest inventory. Sampling design be statistically sound and cost-effective for assessing the status after logging. Panduan Kerja Luar Inventori Selepas Tebangan.
19.2+ Implement post-felling forest inventory for:
  • Dipterocarp Forest
  • Peat Swamp Forest
  • Mangrove Forest
 
Dipterocarp and Peat Swamp Forests

Systematic line plot with the principle plots being 20 m x 50 m and a sampling intensity of 10%.

  • operations carried out 2-5 years after felling. 
  • stock map of scale 1:5,000.
  • stand and stock tables.
Mangrove Forest
100% survey of natural regeneration.
  1. Panduan Kerja Luar Inventori Selepas Tebangan.
  2. Panduan Interpretasi Keputusan Inventori Selepas Tebangan.
  3. Manual Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia 1953 (Pindaan 1995), Sek.5.1, Bab 16.
19.3+ Monitor the implementation of the post-felling forest inventory. Field inspection reports.  
19.4+ Carry out silvicultural treatments/rehabilitation of logged-over forests, where necessary, for:-
  • Dipterocarp Forest
  • Peat Swamp Forest
  • Mangrove Forest
  • Plantation Forest
 
Dipterocarp Forest
  1. GCL (Girdling and Cutting Lianans).
  • map of scale 1:5,000 depicting compartment boundaries, treatment blocks, contours, base lines, date of operations, etc.
  • all woody climbers cut.
  • woody climbers with 2 cm diameter and above poisoned.
  • stemless palms competing with Regeneration species (RS) cut.
  • deformed RS and non-RS species competing with the RS species girdled.
  • operations carried out 3-5 years after felling.
  1. CL (Cutting Lianas).
  • map of scale 1:5,000 depicting compartment boundaries, treatment blocks, contours, base lines, date of operations, etc.
  • all woody climbers cut.
  • woody climbers with 2 cm diameter and above poisoned.
  • operations carried out 3-5 years after felling.
  1. Enrichment Planting.
  • map of scale 1:5,000 depicting compartment boundaries, planting blocks, contours, planting lines, date of planting, etc.
  • initial planting stocking of at least 300 plants/ha.
  • operations carried out 3-5 years after felling.
  1. T1/T2 (Treatment 1/2).
  • map of scale 1:5,000 depicting compartment boundaries, treatment blocks, contours, date of operations, etc.
  • all woody climbers cut.
  • woody climbers with 2 cm diameter and above poisoned.
  • stemless palms competing with Regeneration species (RS) cut.
  • deformed RS and non-RS species competing with the RS species girdled.
  • operations carried out 8-10 years after felling

Mangrove Forest

  1. Natural regeneration adequate.
  2. Acrostichum species slashed and poisoned.
  3. Enrichment planting, if, natural regeneration inadequate.
  • 1.2 m x 1.2 m for Rhizophora apiculata.
  • 1.8 m x 1.8 m for Rhizophora mucronata.
  • buffer zones:
  • river bank with width of 3-5 m.
  • seaward with width 50-200 m.
 

Plantation Forest

  1. Initial planting stock of at least 900 plants/ha for short rotation and not less than 300 plants/ha for long rotation species.
  • less than 10 years for pulpwood and panel products.
  • 10-20 years for general utility timber.
  • more than 20 years for high quality timber.
  1. Planting records.
  2. Felling and planting programme.
  3. Forest Protection Plan (fire, pests and diseases, etc.).
  1. Pek. KPP Bil. 1/96-Peraturan Menggelang Pokok Dan Memotong Akar/Pepanjat (GCL).
  2. Manual Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia 1953 (Pindaan 1995), Sek. 5.2, Bab 16.
  3. Forest Management Plan for the FMU.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Handbook on Enrichment Planting.
  2. Pek. KPP Bil. 2/96-Panduan Aktiviti Tanaman Mengaya.
 

 

 

 

  1. Pek.KPP Bil.1/96 - Peraturan Menggelang Pokok Dan Memotong Akar/Pepanjat (GCL).
  2. Manual Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia 1953 (Pindaan 1995), Sek.5.2, Bab 16.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Forest Management Plan for the FMU.

 

 

 

 

Forest Management Plan for the FMU.

 

  1. An Acceptable Level of Environmental Impact.
 
20. Extent of soil disturbance.
 
20.1+ Formulate engineering, watershed, protection and other environmental management prescriptions for the production forests, especially road specifications. Forest road specifications not adversely affecting the carrying capacity of the site. Spesifikasi Jalan-jalan Hutan Untuk Semenanjung Malaysia.
20.2+ Implement the formulated management prescriptions, where necessary, especially the formulated forest road specifications.
  1. Map of scale 1:5,000 depicting permanent roads, tracks and skid trails.
  2. Road density
  • permanent roads of less than or equal to 40 m/ha.
  • tracks and skid trails of less than or equal to 300 m/ha.
  1. Vertical alignment.
  • road gradient (permanent roads) of less than or equal to 20%.
  • length of slope of less than or equal to 200 m.
  1. Cross-section.
  • canopy opening for permanent roads of less than or equal to 20 m.
  • right of way of less than or equal to 12 m.
  • road formation of less than or equal to 4 m.
  • pavement material - forest floor.
  • road chamber - 1:20 (straight).
  1. Drainage system.
  • side drain (earth) - 0.6 m x 0.2 m (min).
  • culvert (concrete/log) - 90 cm diameter (located @ valleys, stream crossing etc.).
  • bridge - 3.5 m width (min).
  1. Side slope (protected with cover crops/turfs).
  • cut - earth 1:1 (max ).
  • fill - earth 1:1 1/2.
  1. Earth works.
  • excess earth - disposed to approved dump site.
  • silt traps - on erosion prone areas.
  1. Rainy weather.
  • wet roads - traffic prohibited.
  1. All skidding activities be confined within predetermined skid trails.
  1. Specifications apply to ground skidding (crawler-tractor system) only.
  2. Spesifikasi Jalan-jalan Hutan Untuk Semenanjung Malaysia.
  3. Pelan Jalan Hutan.
20.3+ Monitor the implementation of management prescriptions, especially forest road specifications. Field inspection reports.  
21. Availability of environmental assessment procedures.
 
21.1+ Formulate environmental assessment guidelines for forest harvesting operations.
  1. At least 5% of the areas be reserved for conservation purposes.
  2. Logging in the protected riparian forests prohibited.
  3. Road gradient on ridges be less than or equal to 20%.
EIA Guidelines for Forest Harvesting of Natural Forest.
21.2+ Prepare environment impact assessment (EIA) report before harvesting as required under the Environmental Quality Act, 1974 (Amended 1985). EIA reports for logging covering more than 500 ha.
  1. Environmental Quality Act, 1974 (Amended 1985).
  2. EIA Reports.
21.3+ Implement environmental measures as recommended in EIA report. Prescribed mitigation measures implemented. EIA Reports.
21.4+ Monitor the implementation of the environmental measures. Field inspection reports.  
22. Extent and spatial distribution of riparian and watershed protection areas.
 
22.1 Demarcate and map locations of riparian and watershed areas, rock outcrops, limestone formations, etc.
  1. Map of scale 1:50,000.
  2. Depicts riparian reserved, protected watershed areas, rock outcrops and limestone formations.
  3. Map updated once a year.
 
23. The extent and severity of soil erosion.
 
23.1 Adapt Universal Soil Loss Equation (Wishmeier) for use in forestry.
  1. Soil Loss Tolerance Level (ton/ha/yr).
  2. Soil loss as compared to natural rate under undisturbed conditions not exceeded by a factor of 2 for each cutting cycle.
 
24. Provisions for protection of water bodies.
 
24.1 Formulate provisions for protection of water bodies. Provision for protecting water bodies not adversely affecting water quality.  
24.2 Implement the provisions for the protection of water bodies.
  1. pH value, suspended solids and Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) levels be acceptable.
  2. Water quality variables as compared to natural level under undisturbed conditions not exceeded by a factor of 2 for each cutting cycle.
  3. Measurements be taken within logging area at year one and five after logging.
 
24.3 Monitor the implementation of the provisions for protection of water bodies. Field inspection reports  
  1. Socio-economic Benefits.
 

 

25. The number of people employed.

     

25.1+ Report on direct employment in logging, processing, marketing, managing and administrative segments of the forestry sector. Quarterly reports on direct employment in the logging and wood processing sectors. Shuttle Return IV, V, VII & VIII.
26. The nature and extent of benefits from forestry activities.

 

26.1+ Report on the contribution in terms of forest revenue to the State Governments. Monthly Revenue Statements. Ledger Account.
26.2 Identify forest recreational areas.
  1. Map of scale 1:10,000.
  2. Depicts the amenities and infrastructure of forest recreational areas.
  3. Map updated once a year.
 
26.3 Establish the forest recreational areas.
  1. Map of scale 1:50,000.
  2. Depicts the locations of the established forest recreational areas.
 
26.4 Manage the forest recreational areas. Number of visitors and revenue collected, where available. Visitor's Book.
26.5 Identify areas for forest fruit tree planting.
  1. Map of scale 1:50,000.
  2. Depicts the areas and species planted.
  3. Map updated half-yearly.
 
26.6 Plant and manage the planted areas.
  1. Number of trees and areas planted by species.
  2. Planting records.
  3. Revenue collected.
 
27. Expenditure budget for forest management.
 
27.1+ Allocate Federal budget for forest management. # Approved Annual Federal Development Budget. Annual Allocation Warrant.
27.2+ Allocate State budget for forest management. # Approved Annual State Development Budget. Annual Allocation Warrant.
27.3+ Allocate funds from the Forest Development Fund as established under the National Forestry Act, 1984 (Amended 1993), for forest development. Approved Annual Budget from the Forest Development Fund.
  1. National Forestry Act, 1984 (Amended 1993), Sect. 56-60.
  2. Vote Book.
27.4+ Monitor the expenditure of the allocations given. Monthly Expenditure Statements. Vote Book.
28. Expenditure budgets for forest administration. 
 
28.1+ Allocate Federal budget for forest administration. Approved Annual Federal Administrative Budget. Annual Allocation Warrant.
28.2+ Allocate State budget for forest administration. Approved Annual State Administrative Budget. Annual Allocation Warrant.
28.3+ Monitor the expenditure of the allocations given. Monthly Expenditure Statements. Vote Book.
  1. Planning and Adjustment to Experience.

 

 

29. Community Consultation.
 
29.1+ Hold consultations with concerned communities at the village, district, state and federal levels via the established consultative committees.
  1. Monthly Meeting of District Action Committee.
  2. Monthly Meeting of District Development Committee.
Minutes of the Meetings.
29.2+ Notify public through the Government Gazette of PFE, naional parks and wildlife sanctuaries, etc. Gazette Notification. Government Gazette.
30. Arrangements for forest management to take into account.
 
30.1 Make provisions for traditional forest utilization. Removal of guano, peat, trees, plants, silk, cocoons, honey, etc. National Forestry Act, 1984 (Amended 1993), Sect. 41.
 
# under-brushing of boundaries, marking of selected trees located along the boundaries and fixing of signboards. (no.1 & 3-6)
+ these Activities are also being identified at the National Level (no.1-30)

# for wood production only (no.2)

# carried out during forest land use classification and should take into account the values of non-wood forest produce. (no.7-9)
## demarcated in the Forest Management Plan. (no.7-9)

# forested areas earmarked for non-forestry users. (no.13-14)
## mainly from rubber plantation. (no.13-14)

## include growth and yield plots, research plots, ecological plots, etc. (no.13-14)
# emphasis on their representativeness and size including the concept of corridors. (no. 18-19)